What is Depression: Symptoms, Causes and How to treat.


Depression is more than simply feeling unhappy or fed up for a few daysAdditionally, most people go through periods of feeling down, but when depressed, you feel persistently sad for weeks or months, rather than just a few days. Some people think it is trivial and not a genuine health condition. They’re wrong – it is a real illness with real symptoms.

What is depression?

Depression is a mood disorder that causes persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, and loss of joy. It is unlike the mood fluctuations that people regularly experience as a part of life. Major life events, such as bereavement or job loss, can trigger it. But depression is distinct from the negative feelings a person may temporarily have in response to a difficult life event. it often persists despite a change of circumstances and causes feelings that are intense, chronic, and not proportional to a person’s circumstances. This condition can last for several weeks, months, or years. Furthermore, for many people, it is a chronic illness that gets better and then relapses 

Signs and symptoms.

Depression can cause a range of psychological and physical symptoms : 

  • persistent depressed mood
  • loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
  • changes in appetite and body weight
  • unusually slow or agitated movements
  • decreased energy or fatigue
  • difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
  • excessive feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts

What causes depression?

Various factors can cause depression:

  • Brain chemistry: Abnormalities in brain chemical levels may lead to depression.
  • Genetics: If you have a relative with this condition, you may be more likely to become depressed.
  • Life events: Stress, the death of a loved one, upsetting events (trauma), isolation, and lack of support can cause it.
  • Medical conditions: Ongoing physical pain and illnesses can cause the condition. People often have depression along with conditions like diabetes, cancer, and Parkinson’s disease.
  • Medication: Some medications have depression as a side effect. Like, recreational drugs and alcohol can also cause it or make it worse.
  • Personality: People who are easily overwhelmed or have trouble coping may be prone to depression.


The condition is treatable however, treatment may depend on the exact type a person is living with. 

Managing symptoms:

  • Support: This can range from discussing practical solutions and possible causes to educating family members.
  • Psychotherapy: Also known as talking therapy, some options include one-to-one counseling and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
  • Drug treatment: A doctor may prescribe antidepressants.

If you, family members or friends experiences any of these symptoms, they should speak to a doctor.